Asperger's Disorder was first described by a German doctor, Hans Asperger, in 1944 (one year after Leo Kanner's first paper on autism). In his paper, Dr. Asperger discussed individuals who exhibited many idiosyncratic, odd-like behaviors. Unlike children with autism, children diagnosed with Asperger’s disorder develop lucid speech before age four years and their grammar and vocabularies are usually adequate for normal conversation. Their speech is sometimes stilted and their repetitive voice tends to be flat and emotionless; their conversations revolve around themselves. Asperger’s disorder is characterized by concrete and literal thinking. Persons with Asperger’s disorder are usually obsessed with complex topics, weather, music, astronomy history, etc. Intellectual ability for most is in the normal to above normal range in verbal ability and in the below average range on tasks of visual-perceptual organization. Sometimes it is assumed that the individual who has autism and average mental ability has Asperger's disorder. However, it appears that there may be several forms of high-functioning autism, of which Asperger's disorder is only one form.
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